An Introduction to Zend Framework



Zend Framework is a PHP framework which is open source and is used for developing web applications with PHP 5 or higher. Zend Framework is based on Object-Oriented Programming approach. The Zend framework has a component like structure which is unique and is designed using other components which have a dependency on them. This loosely coupled architecture feature of Zend allows developers to use components individually.  This is often referred as “use-at-will” design approach. Sometimes it is also referred to as “Component Library” because of its component like structure.

Zend Framework can be integrated with Zend Studio which is an IDE that includes features to integrate. It also has MVC view and code generation functionality. The current version of Zend framework i.e. Zend3.0 has a feature to include new components such as JSON RPC server, an XML to JSON converter, PSR-7 functionality, and compatibility with PHP 7.

Zend Framework Features

Some of the features of Zend Framework is given below:

  • Zend is purely object-oriented web application framework
  • Zend has Advanced MVC implementation
  • It is compatible with multi-databases including PostgreSQL, SQLite etc.,
  • It has simple cloud API feature
  • Session management
  • Data encryption
  • URI Routing which is flexible
  • Zend provides RESTful API development support.
  • Code written with Zend are reusable and easier to maintain.

Why Use Zend Framework?

What makes the Zend Framework one of the favorite frameworks of PHP developers is that – it gives cleaner and well-built code that is completed with correct intellectual property rights. It also makes programming easier. Zend is also fast, lightweight, easy to learn and most convenient framework. Zend provides security with strong cryptography tools and password hashing techniques.

Pros and Cons of Zend Framework

Pros :

  • Most favorable pro is that it is open source i.e. free. It is licensed under the new BSD license, meaning that it is completely open source.
  • Zend is also well documented. There are currently over 1,000 pages in the Zend Framework Reference Guide with over 500 examples which makes easier to learn.
  • Zend can also be easily integrated with any other PHP framework as it has a loosely coupled use-at-will architecture. This means that you can pick and choose components as you need them without using the full packaged library.
  • It has MVC components. Zend Framework has made relatively easy for developers to build a MVC application.

Cons :

  • Because of Zend Framework’s loosely coupled use-at-will architecture it results in making the documentation loose as well. The advantage of the documentation is that they are in large number but the biggest disadvantage is that it is hard to use the documentation as a guideline to assemble a completed project.
  • Zend Framework is difficult to learn perfectly. But once you have learned it completely, it becomes one of your favorites.