As we all know how much important it is to secure our website from hackers or malware. Because, the purpose is not each time to steal your data or deform your website. Sometimes the purpose is to use your web server as an email relay to send spams, or to setup their own temporary server and sometimes to use your server as a botnet or to mine for bitcoins.
Therefore, it is very important to check your website’s security measure regularly. Here are some points that how can you perform your website’s security check :
HTTPS is the secure version of HTTP protocol, here the ‘S’ stands for Secure Socket Layer. HTTPS secures the online communications and transactions between user’s browser and your website. The website not using the SSL Certificates are marked as potentially unsafe to use and also affects your SEO ranking.
To know more about HTTPS, you can have a look on our this blog.
2. Keep your application update
If your website is build on WordPress, Joomla or any other CMS but is hosted on your own server then it is important to keep all the plugins and theme up to date. If you fail to do so, it’ll will become easier for hackers to attack and hack your website. And also delete those plugins which you don’t use or if update is not available anymore.
3. Backup your files
We don’t have to tell you that how much years of hard work you have put on your website and one single malware is enough to corrupt all your data. That’s why it is important to have your website’s file backup in case of such disasters, so you can continue your work without any delay. It is advisable to backup your files periodically on a regular basis.
4. Strong Passwords
You can reduce your chance of getting your website hacked by using strong passwords. Make it extreme strong. Don’t come up with passwords like your pet’s name or your friend’s birthday. Use combinations of capital letters, small letters with special characters and digits also. And also try to make it lengthy.
5. Scan your DNS and WHOIS Records
Once setting up, usually some users don’t pay attention to their DNS or WHOIS records which is quite irresponsible. Your domain might get stolen by hackers due to this. Try to check these records at-least once a week. Or you can use a plugins like Securi security plugin for this. This plugin provides two-factor authentication for your emails and social networks.
6. File Uploads
Having file uploads enabled as a feature can be a big security risk. Sometimes uploading a simple image may contain a script that when executed can complete ruin you website. So, always be cautious while uploading files. Always check the extension and MIME type before image upload and limit the maximum size of file. You can also rename the file and then upload it to a folder placed outside main root directory.
7. Protection Against Brute Force Attacks
Brute Force Attack is a type of attack in which hackers try to get your login credentials or might try to hack your login system. You can minimize the attempt of this attack by following some simple tips, like :
i) Always use complex passwords or you use auto-password generator.
ii) If you have WordPress site you can use a plugin like Limit Login Attempts which will limit the irregular login attempts thus can block Brute Force Attack.
iii) Change your default admin username. If you don’t, it will become easier for hackers to guess your login credentials.
8. Run an online website security check
There are plenty of free malware checkers available online where you can perform a simple online check. These checkers will provide a report and in paid versions provide more information. If you are using WordPress, you can simply use a plugin like Sucuri which scans your site and also give a basic report after each scan. Also be aware of pop-ups saying for free disc scan, that can possibly be malware.
That’s it! By performing above simple measures can prevent your website from getting ruined to a great extent.